Part 1: What's Real Intelligence--about the World and Ourselves?

Part 2: What's Real Intelligence--about the World and Ourselves?

Part 3: What's Real Intelligence--about the World and Ourselves?


My Bio



Aesthetic Realism seminar:
What's Real Intelligence--about the World and Ourselves?
with a discussion of Samuel Leibowitz
& the Scottsboro Case
By Michael Palmer

 Growing up in the Bronx, I was affected early by my father and older brother's enthusiasm for sports and popular music, and I admired persons who seemed to look out for others such as Knicks basketball star Dick McGuire who loved setting up teammates for easy baskets, even more than shooting himself. And at a stage show my father took me to, I remember being thrilled by trumpeters Charley Shavers and Ziggy Elman driving the Tommy Dorsey band in a swinging instrumental, then providing a mellow background for the band's singer. I also loved watching Perry Mason on T.V. using his legal knowledge to clear people who'd been wrongly accused.  They were showing what Mr. Siegel explained in his lecture Mind and Intelligence is essential for real intelligence:
"We want to be smart about how to take care of ourselves, but we also have to do a good job with everything else."
  But as I had to do with people every day, my focus was not on caring for them, but on myself. I avidly studied sports, and became a whiz on players’ records and little-known facts, and my father liked bragging to friends, "Ask him anything about sports,” And when Benny Schwartz asked, "How many games did Jack Chesboro win in 1904?, and I answered,"41," I felt I was wonderful. Meanwhile, Benny's life mattered little. He existed to admire my "intelligence."  Mr. Siegel explained:
" To be intelligent means to have an ability to know not just one kind of thing, but those things that life in its uncertainty, richness and variety can bring up."
As I was specializing in the minutiae of sports at the expense of everything else-especially the feelings of people-life’s “richness and variety” was passing me by. 

     Later, as a first baseman on my P.A.L baseball team, I liked helping my teammates, pulling in a high throw from shortstop, scooping up a low throw from third, but, in my quiet way, I also wanted to be the star.  In a game for the city championship, I made a stupid decision. I ignored a bunt signal, swinging away instead, ruining a rally.  After being deservedly benched, I was so angry I secretly hoped my team would lose. So while I gave the appearance of being a nice guy, I knew I wasn’t.  I had little or no feeling for other people and I didn’t respect myself. I was in the midst of what Mr. Siegel describes in his lecture:

"The first thing that we do, bad for intelligence is separation. For example, people want to take care of themselves, and they also want to be nice people."
 After college, when I got a job writing sports at WCBS Radio, I thought I had made it, being there as the news of the world was coming in, but I used that to be even colder to the feelings of people. Our country was in Vietnam, brutally trying to impose an economic system on people who did not want it.  I had no feeling for the suffering of the Vietnamese, and was annoyed with war protesters here for causing so much "trouble in getting around town."  When I wasn’t working, I preferred being by myself, playing golf, going for long walks, feeling that other people would surely interfere with my reverie and routines. I felt lonely, empty, and soon began having mysterious panic attacks that had me quite worried.  Several years later in a class I attended taught by Eli Siegel early in my study he asked me, "Are you as nice a guy as you'd like to be?
MP:   I think my attitude could be better to people.
ES:  Well, can you be against them?
I was.  I was competitive with people, secretly hoping they wouldn’t do well, so I’d look better, and I was certain they felt the same way. Mr. Siegel, saw I was against myself for this attitude and he asked me, “How do you want to see yourself? I answered: “I want to approve of myself.”
 ES:  Good, how are you going to do it?  There are many persons who are going to concerts tonight. Their purpose is to see themselves better.  The thing is, what does it mean to see oneself well?  To see oneself well has two departments.  You can say, 1) I am Michael Palmer, and 2),, I am also how I am related to all things. 
Relation was a new way of thinking for me!  Studying Aesthetic Realism, I began to see how I was related to things through the art and literature of the world.  For instance, in Charles Dickens’ Great Expectations, through how Pip and his roommate encouraged each other, I was learning how I wanted to be with other people!  In James Fenimore Cooper’s The Deerslayer, Natty Bumppo showed that being ethical and fighting for justice made a man strong and also wise; and reading Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice, I was thrilled by Elizabeth Bennet’s criticism of Darcy, seeing that a woman could sincerely want to have a good effect on a man.  I was learning what it means to have good will, which is the greatest intelligence. And in time, I came to care deeply for a woman, Lynette Abel, whose feeling for people, for justice, her kind criticism, has me more related to the world every day and I love her for it! I’m grateful for our happy marriage of more than 11 years.

What Was Real Intelligence for a Noted Attorney?

I speak now about one of the most successful criminal lawyers of the 20th century, Samuel LeibowitzBrooklyn's Samuel Leibowitz, who, amazingly, lost only once in 140 murder cases, but is best remembered for his defense of the so-called "Scottsboro Boys,"The Scottsboro defendents and Samuel Leibowitz which would inspire the civil rights struggle in the South in the crucial decades to come.
 Born in Romania in 1893, Leibowitz came to this country at the age of 4. His parents, like other immigrants on the lower East Side, began with little, but his father did well enough to move the family to Brooklyn, and eventually enable his son to go on to college and law school. Though Samuel's first love was baseball—his Dodgers—he also cared for dramatics and debate, and would eventually choose criminal law, feeling that was how he'd best make a living. Though Leibowitz, as biographer Quentin Reynolds described him, “had none of the dedicated qualities of a Clarence Darrow to joust against injustice,” he knew the law and literally "lived" with a case 24 hours a day. With each success, word got around--he was the man to turn to if you were in trouble. Stated Mr. Siegel,"Intelligence means learning; learning is a taking by the self of the new with a love for the old." As a criminal lawyer, Leibowitz had to welcome both the new and old. As he said, "I've had to study…every conceivable scientific subject from ballistics to serology(blood makeup).”

    For part 2 click here

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